Everything you need to know about spotting the signs of stroke, and how to reduce your risk
Strokes might be something we tend to associate most with older generations, but new Public Health England (PHE) figures are painting a different story – and quite an alarming one.
The average age of suffering a first stroke has declined fairly rapidly over the past decade, with over a third of first-time strokes now happening in people aged between 40-69.
To make matters worse, many middle-aged people aren’t even aware they could be at risk, or of the warning signs to look out for.
As a result, the Act FAST campaign has just been relaunched , to remind people of all ages to be aware of stroke symptoms, and call 999 urgently at the first signs.
“Strokes still claim thousands of lives each year, so the message of this campaign remains as relevant as ever,” says Steve Brine MP, parliamentary under secretary of state for public health and primary care. “The faster you act, the greater the chance of a good recovery.”
Leading cause of disability
Strokes are a very serious, life-threatening medical condition that happen when blood supply to part of the brain is cut off – either due to a blockage in an artery (ischaemic stroke), or a leaking or burst blood vessel (hemorrhagic stroke).
When it comes to spotting the signs and getting help, time is crucial. No matter your age, experts stress that urgent medical action is always required in the event of a stroke, and the sooner a person receives treatment, the less damage is likely to happen.
As PHE points out: “Around 1.9 million nerve cells in the brain are lost every minute that a stroke is left untreated, which can result in slurred speech and paralysis.”
Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability, in fact. The Stroke Association’s latest ‘State of the Nation’ report found that in the UK, almost two thirds (65%) of stroke survivors leave hospital with some degree of disability; around three-quarters have arm or leg weakness, while 60% have visual problems, and about half have difficulty swallowing and loss of bladder control, among other things.
“We must remember stroke can hit at any age,” says Brine. “I’d urge everybody to familiarise themselves with the signs of a stroke and be ready to act fast.”
How to spot the signs
The FAST (Face, Arms, Speech, Time) acronym has featured in stroke awareness campaigns for a number of years now, and is a simple way to help people identify the most common warning signs. If you think someone might be having a stroke, look out for the following:
Face – has their face fallen on one side? Can they smile?
Arms – can they raise both their arms and keep them there?
Speech – is their speech slurred?
Time – time to call 999
“Calling 999 as soon as you see even one of the symptoms develop – in the face, arms and speech – is essential,” says Tony Rudd, national clinical director for stroke with NHS England and stroke physician at Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust. “Every minute counts and knowing when to call 999 will make a significant difference to someone’s recovery and rehabilitation.”
Cut your risk of stroke with healthy lifestyle tweaks
Thankfully, strokes are often preventable, and adopting some healthy lifestyle tweaks can make a significant difference to your long-term risk of suffering one. If you’ve had a stroke in the past, these measures are particularly important, because your risk of having another stroke is greatly increased. Addressing these five key lifestyle factors could help ward off stroke…
1. Maintain a healthy weight and diet
Research shows that being obese increases your chances of having a stroke related to a blood clot by 64%, so taking sensible steps to maintain a healthy weight range is important. Eat a balanced diet packed with plenty of fruit and veg, and enjoy treats and high-fat foods in moderation. If you’re overweight, even small changes to your eating habits, such as eating smaller portions, can help – research has found that losing as little as 10 pounds can have a big impact on your risk.
2. Quit smoking
3. Cut down on booze
Alcohol contributes to a number of conditions that can increase your risk of stroke, so it’s important not to drink more than the recommended limit on a regular basis. Official guidelines recommend no more than 14 units a week (visit drinkaware.co.uk to see exactly what this means), to be spread throughout the week – not all consumed at the weekend! A study published in the journal Stroke found that people who average more than two drinks a day have a 34% higher risk of stroke, compared to those whose daily average amounts to less than half a drink.
4. Cut down on salt
Too much salt is the biggest single cause of high blood pressure in the UK – and high blood pressure is a leading cause of stroke. Official guidelines suggest adults should consume no more than six grams of salt per day, but the trouble is, much of the salt we consume is ‘hidden’ in processed foods like sauces, bread, cereals and takeaways. So if you’re also sprinkling salt on your meals, you could be consuming way too much.
5. Get plenty of exercise
Decreasing your chance of having a stroke could be as simple as going for a gentle daily jog or walk, or making more of your gym membership. Research from Stroke Association shows that regular, moderate exercise can reduce your risk of stroke by 27% – and every little helps. If you can manage it, aim to do at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity, five or more times a week – but any form of movement is better than none. If you’re not a fan of the gym, try and find an outdoor hobby you enjoy, as you’ll be more likely to stick with it in the long-term.
The Press Association
Latest posts by The Press Association (see all)
- 10 tips for greater productivity working from home - May 26, 2020
- How to dry home-grown blooms - May 25, 2020
- 10 ways to recycle old junk to use in the garden - May 22, 2020
- Here’s why you need zinc – and how to make sure you’re getting enough - May 22, 2020
- World Bee Day: 7 ways to support bees in your garden - May 20, 2020
Leave a Comment!
Community Terms & Conditions
These content standards apply to any and all material which you contribute to our site (contributions), and to any interactive services associated with it.
You must comply with the spirit of the following standards as well as the letter. The standards apply to each part of any contribution as well as to its whole.
be accurate (where they state facts); be genuinely held (where they state opinions); and comply with applicable law in the UK and in any country from which they are posted.
Contributions must not:
contain any material which is defamatory of any person; or contain any material which is obscene, offensive, hateful or inflammatory; or promote sexually explicit material; or promote violence; promote discrimination based on race, sex, religion, nationality, disability, sexual orientation or age; or infringe any copyright, database right or trade mark of any other person; or be likely to deceive any person; or be made in breach of any legal duty owed to a third party, such as a contractual duty or a duty of confidence; or promote any illegal activity; or be threatening, abuse or invade another’s privacy, or cause annoyance, inconvenience or needless anxiety; or be likely to harass, upset, embarrass, alarm or annoy any other person; or be used to impersonate any person, or to misrepresent your identity or affiliation with any person; or give the impression that they emanate from us, if this is not the case; or advocate, promote or assist any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.
Nurturing a safe environment
Our Silversurfers community is designed to foster friendships, based on trust, honesty, integrity and loyalty and is underpinned by these values.
We don't tolerate swearing, and reserve the right to remove any posts which we feel may offend others... let's keep it friendly!