image

With metaldehyde pellets set to be banned, 10 less toxic tips for keeping slugs at bay

It’s a well-established fact that slugs can be a bit of a pest. However, from spring 2020, metaldehyde slug pellets will be banned – so what are the alternatives for dealing with them?

Plant pathologist and organic gardener Pippa Greenwood, a regular on BBC Radio 4’s Gardeners’ Question Time, says: “There are plenty of other really effective things you can do to deter slugs. The best option is to take a multi-pronged attack.”

Here, Greenwood makes some suggestions…

1. Introduce nematodes

(BASF/PA)

Nematodes are natural microscopic living organisms found in UK soils, which control many common plant pests including slugs, but don’t endanger humans or wildlife.

You apply by diluting the organisms in water, and then water them into the soil. Slugs under the soil will be killed.

After application, the beneficial nematodes attack the slug by entering natural body openings, releasing a bacteria which quickly and safely kills it. Once inside, the nematodes then reproduce inside the dead pest and release a new generation of hungry nematodes, which disperse and search for further prey. The more pests there are, the better nematodes perform.

Add the nematodes to water before applying to the soil (BASF/PA)

Add the nematodes to water before applying to the soil (BASF/PA)

The best time for outdoor use is March to October, when temperatures are 5°C or above, or year round in the greenhouse. By treating early, you can often cause a vast improvement as you kill the adult slugs before they lay too many eggs.

“These are brilliant,” says Greenwood. “Environmentally, they are pretty faultless and there is a build-up effect. On plots where I’ve used them for several years in succession, I’ve noticed a reduction in slug numbers.”

2. Create barriers
Greenwood uses copper tape, widely available at garden centres, around the rims of containers and the walls of raised beds, which act as a deterrent. “Occasionally, a slug will get in, but in the main copper tape helps hugely,” says Greenwood.

Other barriers, such as cloches, can also be placed over young vulnerable plants.

3. Block their path with mulches

Use pine needles as a mulch (Thinkstock/PA)

Use pine needles as a mulch (Thinkstock/PA)

Crushed shells are a good mulch, says Greenwood. Poultry suppliers generally have an amount of crushed oyster shells and will be cheaper than buying a small box of crushed shells from a garden centre, she says. “Use the shells as a surface mulch around vegetables including purple sprouting broccoli and calabrese.”

The resin of pine needles, as well as the spikiness, can also deter slugs. Mulch the needles right up to the stem of plants, as then underground slug species such as keel slugs, which spends much of its time underground.

4. Encourage natural predators

Tempt natural predators who feed on slugs and snails into your garden, such as ground beetles, frogs, toads, hedgehogs and birds. Provide a variety of wildlife habitats and nesting boxes.

5. Choose resistant vegetable varieties

Pippa Greenwood tries out disease-resistant varieties (Pippa Greenwood/PA)

Pippa Greenwood tries out disease-resistant varieties

Some varieties of potato tuber, for instance, are particularly resistant to soil dwelling slugs, says organic gardening charity Garden Organic (gardenorganic.org.uk). These include Ambo, Cara, Desiree, Romano, Sante and Valor.

6. Choose trouble-free plants

Slugs are less likely to go for agapanthus (Hannah Stephenson/PA)

Slugs are less likely to go for agapanthus

Garden Organic recommends gardeners choose plants that slugs and snails don’t like, including Acanthus mollis, agapanthus, hardy geranium, Digitalis purpurea, Nepeta x faassenii, Papaver orientale, Rudbeckia fulgida and Sedum spectabile.

7. Keep your soil structure and drainage sound

Make sure soil is well-raked (Thinkstock/PA)

Make sure soil is well-raked

Slugs thrive in rough, lumpy ground which is poorly drained, so improving drainage and soil structure is important where these conditions occur. Adding grit can help drain heavy and compacted soil.

If you rake to create a fine tilth before sowing, you’ll help to disturb slugs and their eggs, as well as helping soil to dry out on the surface, making movement more difficult for them, Garden Organic points out.

8. Be vigilant
Inspect vulnerable plants regularly and remove any pests. Put on a pair of rubber gloves and go out in the garden after rainfall and at night, when slugs and snails feed.

9. Keep the garden reasonably tidy

Tidy up old flower pots (Thinkstock/PA)

Tidy up old flower pots

Don’t give slugs hiding spaces by leaving piles of rubble or stones or stacks of flower pots close to cultivated areas. If you find large populations of slugs or snails in a corner of a veg bed or up an adjacent wall, pick them off and dispose of them.

10. And as a last resort…
Some slug pellets which don’t contain metaldehyde will still be on sale. Pellets containing ferric phosphate (iron), which kills slugs and snails, are considered safer.

However, Garden Organic advises that if you must use them, do so sparingly because of other potentially harmful ingredients in the pellets, known as chelators, which it says can affect earthworms and, if consumed in large enough quantities, poison pets.

The following two tabs change content below.

Leave a Comment!

Not a member?

You need to be a member to interact with Silversurfers. Joining is free and simple to do. Click the button below to join today!

Click here if you have forgotten your password

Community Terms & Conditions

Content standards

These content standards apply to any and all material which you contribute to our site (contributions), and to any interactive services associated with it.

You must comply with the spirit of the following standards as well as the letter. The standards apply to each part of any contribution as well as to its whole.

Contributions must:

be accurate (where they state facts); be genuinely held (where they state opinions); and comply with applicable law in the UK and in any country from which they are posted.

Contributions must not:

contain any material which is defamatory of any person; or contain any material which is obscene, offensive, hateful or inflammatory; or promote sexually explicit material; or promote violence; promote discrimination based on race, sex, religion, nationality, disability, sexual orientation or age; or infringe any copyright, database right or trade mark of any other person; or be likely to deceive any person; or be made in breach of any legal duty owed to a third party, such as a contractual duty or a duty of confidence; or promote any illegal activity; or be threatening, abuse or invade another’s privacy, or cause annoyance, inconvenience or needless anxiety; or be likely to harass, upset, embarrass, alarm or annoy any other person; or be used to impersonate any person, or to misrepresent your identity or affiliation with any person; or give the impression that they emanate from us, if this is not the case; or advocate, promote or assist any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.

Nurturing a safe environment

Our Silversurfers community is designed to foster friendships, based on trust, honesty, integrity and loyalty and is underpinned by these values.

We don't tolerate swearing, and reserve the right to remove any posts which we feel may offend others... let's keep it friendly!