How to make a plastic-free Christmas table floral display
Learn how to make a stunning Christmas centrepiece, containing no plastic whatsoever, with some tips from a top flower school
There’s nothing that creates a festive table better than a glorious flower and foliage decoration – but what flora and fauna should you use, and how do you best secure your arrangement?
Sophie Powell, principal of McQueens Flower School in London, which runs floral and creative design classes, says that pine, eucalyptus and other stems from your garden can be used as a framework, plus seasonal flowers and other bits and pieces – such as ilex berries and wispy asparagus fronds – to add texture and colour to an arrangement.
Design trends have changed, she says, from very tight, uniform and what she calls ‘cookie cutter’ styles, to more wild, whimsical and less constructed displays, largely because the school is not using flower foam (oasis), because it’s a micro plastic which does not biodegrade.
“Whenever you see a perfect shape, it will have foam underneath it, because you cannot construct it without,” notes Powell. “Flowers hate foam. Foam is like death row for flowers. They don’t last long in it, because their stems become blocked and they can’t take in water.”
She says you can generate a more contemporary arrangement using eco-friendly products and less plastic. Here’s how.
What you’ll need
A bowl or vase which is going to suit your size of arrangement.
Medium gauge chicken wire or biodegradable tape.
A variety of foliage stems, which may include pine and eucalyptus.
Seasonal flowers such as hellebores, plus a few colourful accent blooms.
Other floral additions such as berried stems and gold-sprayed asparagus fronds.
Secateurs or sharp scissors.
1. Create your base
Scrunch chicken wire into two or three layers and place it in the bowl or vase, so there are no gaping holes and you’ll be able to weave your stems through them. Make sure the wire reaches the edge of the vase. Then fill it two-thirds full of water.
Alternatively, you can criss-cross recyclable tape on to the top of your vase or bowl to make your grid, through which you will secure your stems.
2. Decide what shape you want
You may want an asymmetric design, which is higher at one side, graduating down in a crescent moon shape, or a symmetric style which is round all over.
Consider where you are going to place your display. Is it going to be front-facing or on the centre of a table? How you place your stems will depend on that.
“You may choose different foliage to give you texture. If you want something simple but classic, you might just go for one type of foliage, which you can cut at different levels to give it a different slant,” says Powell.
If you want an asymmetric style, put one stem at the top edge and one at the bottom. For a more symmetrical shape, you start at the tallest point in the middle and bring your items around it at graduating levels.
3. Remember the rule of thirds
Ideally, your vase or bowl will be a third and your flowers or stems will be two thirds, she advises (although rules are made to be broken). And if you are likely to have any foliage coming over, ensure it doesn’t touch the table.
When cutting stems, measure them against the height of the vase, which will give you an idea of where you need to cut to give you the final height of each item you are adding.
4. Use the largest stem first
“Outline the shape with the foliage. You may have a piece of foliage which is a great shape and you really don’t want to cut it down. You might want to use that as the biggest.
“If you are going asymmetric, always keep the top part quite light,” Powell advises. “And always finish your edges with something quite light.”
5. Prepare your foliage
Strip the leaves at the base so they don’t go in the water, because leaves in the water lead to bacteria, and your flowers aren’t likely to last as long.
“Always cut [the stem] at an angle. As it’s on a diagonal line, by millimetres, that’s going to increase the surface area, so the flowers will drink more water. Feed the stems through the chicken wire to create your framework. They may be a bit wobbly initially, but as you add more, it will help them stand up.
“The aim of the game is to cover your chicken wire,” she observes. “If you have pine with cones attached, which you might get with varieties like Pinus mugo, make sure you can see those cones when you place them.”
6. Group flowers
Once all your foliage is in place, decide where to put your flowers for balance and wow factor.
“We group one type of flower together. You may have different levels, which creates more interest. Three always looks fine, but if there’s space at a different level, you could go for more,” she says.
Key festive flowers include red roses, while hellebores and anemones are great filler flowers. If you have wispy decorative foliage, such as gold-sprayed asparagus fronds, add that at the end where needed.
7. Add more foliage if necessary
If you can still see any chicken wire once you’ve added all your flowers, go back and add more foliage to fill in the gaps.
8. Maintain the display
Change the water ever three days by gently tipping the old water out of the container, holding the flowers in place. Add new water by pouring lightly from a jug.
You may want to add a sterilising tablet such as Milton to the fresh water beforehand, to help keep the water fresh.
Your flowers should last around five days.
The Press Association
Latest posts by The Press Association (see all)
- 5 vitamins to boost your mood - March 5, 2021
- Vegetarian biryani recipe - March 3, 2021
- Meet the super dogs: 5 canine health heroes and their extraordinary stories - March 3, 2021
- Paul Hollywood: I learnt a new skill thanks to new Celebrity Bake Off - March 2, 2021
- How to use aromatherapy to boost your mood in lockdown - March 2, 2021
Leave a Comment!
Community Terms & Conditions
These content standards apply to any and all material which you contribute to our site (contributions), and to any interactive services associated with it.
You must comply with the spirit of the following standards as well as the letter. The standards apply to each part of any contribution as well as to its whole.
be accurate (where they state facts); be genuinely held (where they state opinions); and comply with applicable law in the UK and in any country from which they are posted.
Contributions must not:
contain any material which is defamatory of any person; or contain any material which is obscene, offensive, hateful or inflammatory; or promote sexually explicit material; or promote violence; promote discrimination based on race, sex, religion, nationality, disability, sexual orientation or age; or infringe any copyright, database right or trade mark of any other person; or be likely to deceive any person; or be made in breach of any legal duty owed to a third party, such as a contractual duty or a duty of confidence; or promote any illegal activity; or be threatening, abuse or invade another’s privacy, or cause annoyance, inconvenience or needless anxiety; or be likely to harass, upset, embarrass, alarm or annoy any other person; or be used to impersonate any person, or to misrepresent your identity or affiliation with any person; or give the impression that they emanate from us, if this is not the case; or advocate, promote or assist any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.
Nurturing a safe environment
Our Silversurfers community is designed to foster friendships, based on trust, honesty, integrity and loyalty and is underpinned by these values.
We don't tolerate swearing, and reserve the right to remove any posts which we feel may offend others... let's keep it friendly!